Friday, September 7, 2012

Declaration of Objectives of Teachers for Intervention in Education (Punjabi Version)

tIcrz &wr ieMtrvYNnSn ien AYjUkySn


mnorQ-p`qr

ipCly do dhwikAW dOrwn in`jI munw&y nUM isrmOr mMnx vwlI nvIN ArQ ivvsQw dy ADIn kIqy jw rhy ‘suDwrW’ nUM isry cVHwaux leI is`iKAw dy Kyqr ivc qbdIlIAW kIqIAW jw rhIAW hn[ socI smJI skIm ADIn iv`idAk pRbMD ivc ivgwV pYdw kIqy jw rhy hn[ iek pwsy qW vfyrw ividAwrQI vrg is`iKAw dy h`k qoN vWJw ho irhw hY, dUjy is`iKAw dw imAwr lgwqwr hyTW if`g irhw hY, qIjy AiDAwpkW nUM aunHW dI smwijk izMmyvwrI inBwaux leI loVINdI spys qoN mihrUm kIqw jw irhw hY Aqy aunHW nUM smwijk qOr ‘qy byloVI/ mh`qvhIx hsqI bxwaux dIAW koiSSW kIqIAW jw rhIAW hn[ aunHW dI BrqI dI pRikirAw AijhI bxweI jw rhI hY ik ilAwkq, Xogqw Aqy inAWSIlqw dI koeI pu`C pRqIq nhIN rhI[ ies leI ieh koeI hYrwnI vwlI g`l nhIN ik srkwrW Aqy XUnIvristI pRSwsn AiDAwpkW dIAW mMgW, zrUrqW, svYmwx Aqy Awdr vl koeI qv`jo nhIN idMdy[
nvyN AwriQk inzwm ivc aucyrI is`iKAw dIAW sMsQwvW ivc kMm krn vwlIAW purwxI qrz dIAW AiDAwpk j`QybMdIAW pRBwvkwrI nhIN rhIAW ikauNik aunHW ny nvyN hwlwq muqwbk AwpxI AMdrUnI bxqr, kwrj SYlI Aqy rxnIqI nUM nhIN bdilAw[ ienHW j`QybMdIAW ivc nvyN AiDAwpkW dI BrvIN SmUlIAq nhIN ho rhI[ AijhI sUrq ivc XUnIvristI dI rwjnIqk spys ivc is`iKAw nUM AMqrIvI qOr ‘qy smripq AiDAwpkW nUM rcnwqmk rol Adw krn dw mOkw nhIN imldw[ ies dw suBwivk is`tw ieh in`kldw hY ik XUnIvristI dy Akwdimk mhOl Aqy pRbMD ivc hor ivgwV pYdw huMdy hn[ienHW siQqIAW ivc XUnIvristIAW dI AwriQk ^udmu^qwrI nUM Korw l`igAw hY Aqy aunHW ivc rwjnIqk d^l-AMdwzI dw vwDw hoieAw hY[ XUnIvristIAW smwj nUM bOiDk-nYiqk AgvweI pRdwn krn dI bjwey mihj bzwr dIAW loVW Aqy rwjnIqIvwnW dIAW ingUxIAW ^wihSW dI pUrqI dw mwiDAm bx rhIAW hn[
pMjwbI XUnIvristI ienHW pRikirAwvW dy mwrU pRBwvW qoN ACUqI nhIN hY[ iek ^ws smyN qoN pMjwb srkwr ny XUnIvristI dIAW grWtW au~qy v`fy k`t lwauxy SurU kIqy hn Aqy ies dy ivkws ivc BrvW iv`qI Xogdwn pwaux qoN iknwrwkSI krnI SurU kr id`qI hY[ pr nwl hI dUjy pwsy XUnIvristI ivc hr p`Dr au~qy rwjnIqk d^l-AMdwzI vDw id`qI hY[ nqIjw ieh hoieAw ik AiDAwpkW dIAW inXukqIAW qoN lY ky pUtw dy SkqI sMquln nUM rwjnIqIvwn pRBwivq krn l`gy hn[ smwj dy hr vrg nUM bOiDk AgvweI dyx vwlw XUnIvristI AiDAwpkW dw iek v`fw vrg BRSt, sMvydnhIx Aqy ZYr-izMmyvwr rwjnIqIvwnW dI AgvweI kbUl kr bYTw hY Aqy aunHW dy ieSwirAW dw Zulwm bx igAw hY[
iesy lVI ivc iek idn Aijhw vI AwieAw ik AsIN AiDAwpk AwpxI j`QybMdI pUtw qoN h`Q Do bYTy[ ies dw iek gMBIr is`tw ieh in`kilAw ik rwjnIqIvwnW qON QwpVw pRwpq ku`J AiDAwpkW qoN ielwvw Awm AiDAwpkW dI koeI p`uC pRqIq nhIN rhI[ AiDAwpkW dIAW pRmoSnW ivc Xogqw dI imqI Aqy ArzI dyx dI imqI Anuswr rostr iqAwr krky lVIvwr ieMtrivaUAW krvwaux dI QW ku`J ‘phuMc vwly aumIdvwrW’ dI pihl dy AwDwr ‘qy ieMtrivaU krvwaux dw irvwz SurU ho igAw[ AiDAwpkW nUM zrUrI shUlqW muh`eIAw krvwaux dy mwmly ivc kwxI vMf hox l`gI[ ies nwl Awm AiDAwpk XUnIvristI pRbMD qoN Al`g Ql`g pYx ligAw Aqy Coty Coty kMmW leI d&qrW ivc rulx leI mjbUr kr id`qw igAw[
ies siQqI ivc AsIN ku`J AiDAwpkW ny iS`dq nwl mihsUs kIqw ik pUtw dIAW coxW au~qy rok l`gx auprMq hwlwq Aijhy ho gey hn ik pUtw ivc iksy vkq kwrjSIl AiDAwpk gru`pW ivcoN bhuiqAW ny hOlI hOlI AiDAwpkW dy sWJy ih`qW v`l ip`T kr leI hY[ auh in`ky in`ky in`jI &wieidAW Aqy pujISnW pRwpq krn dI hoV ivc l`g gey hn[ ie`Qy kMm kr rhy keI gru`p XUnIvristI pRSwsn ivc qwkq hwisl krky Awpxy nyVy dy mYNbrW dy in`jI kMm krvwaux Aqy pirvwrW nUM XUnIvristI ivc inXukqIAW idvwaux leI srgrm rihMdy hn[ s`qw nwloN rcnwqmk Alocnw vwlI snmwnXog dUrI r`K ky Akwdimkqw Aqy AiDAwpk vrg dI BlweI bwry kMm krn dw eyjMfw ienHW ny icrW dw iqAwg id`qw hoieAw hY[ A`j dI kOVI hkIkq ieh hY ik XUnIvristI s`qw ivc koAwpt hox jW nw hox nwl hI qYA huMdw hY ik koeI irvwieqI gru`p kdoN s`qw-p`KI hovy Aqy kdoN s`qw-ivroDI hox dw AYlwn kr dyvy[ swfI smJ hY ik pMjwbI XUnIvristI ivc A`j-k`lH s`qw-p`KI Aqy s`qw-ivroDI gru`pW dy inKyVy dw koeI ivSyS ArQ nhIN rih igAw hY[ ies g`l dw pRmwx hY ik ienHW gru`pW ny ipCly lMmy smyN dOrwn Awpxy sIimq dwieirAW qoN suqMqr ivcrdy Aqy ienHW dI srpRsqI nUM kbUl nw krn vwly AiDAwpkW dIAW h`kI mMgW nUM lY ky kdy vI s`qw dw ivroD krn dI zuA`rq nhIN kIqI[
Aijhy ^lwA ivc AiDAwpkW dIAW jwiez mMgW Aqy aunHW dy h`kW dI Awvwz bulMd krn leI AiDAwpkW dI iek nvIN sMsQw bxwaux dI loV mihsUs kIqI jw rhI sI[ so AsIN ku`J AiDAwpkW ny iml ky ‘tIcrz &wr ieMtrvYNnSn ien AYjUkySn (Teachers for Intervention in Education - TIE) nwm dI sMsQw dw gTn kIqw ijhVI pRmwixk rUp ivc lokqMqrI kwrj SYlI vwlI, Drm-inrp`K, pRgqISIl smwijk jvwbdyhI vwly is`iKAw-pRbMD Aqy aus ivc bOiDk rwjnIqk AgvweI pRdwn krn vwly AiDAwpk vrg dy gOrv dI bhwlI leI kwrjSIL hovygI[ ies pirpyK ivc AsIN Awpxy Awp nUM XUnIvristI-p`KI, AiDAwpk-p`KI, is`iKAw-p`KI Aqy ividAwrQI-p`KI AiDAwpkW dy smUh dy rUp ivc pirBwiSq krdy hW Aqy ieh Aihd krdy hW ik ijhVw AiDkwrI XUnIvristI dy aucyry iv`idAk imAwrW, AiDAwpkW dy ih`qW, AiDkwrW Aqy gOrvSwlI ruqby dy i^lw& hY AsIN aus dw ivroD krWgy[ swfw ieh gru`p mihj pUtw dIAW coxW ivc Bwg lYx leI bxwieAw igAw gru`p nhIN hY[ AsIN ipCly smyN qoN XUnivristI AiDAwpkW dy h`kW, aucyrI is`iKAw dy imAwrW dI bhwlI Aqy nvyN inzwm ivc aucyrI is`iKAw dy AdwirAW nUM pyS muSiklW bwry AiDAwpk vrg ivc cyqnW dw pwswr krn leI lgwqwr kMm kr rhy hW[ ieh vI ik pUtw coxW dy nqIjy jo vI hox AsIN Awpxy isDWqW Aqy mnorQW dI pUrqI leI inrMqr kwrjSIl rhWgy[
AsIN vfyry pirpyK ivc XUnIvristI AiDAwpkW dI AgvweI vwlI BUimkw nUM smJdy hoey mihsus krdy hW ik swnUM is`iKAw dy Kyqr ivc &Ylwey jw rhy v`Kvwd (divisiveness), inKyVwvwd (differentiation) , ivKMfnvwd (segmentation) bwry sucyq hox dI loV hY[ AsIN ipCly smyN ivc AwpxI XUnIvristI ivc ijhVIAW pRmuK Aqy pRq`K sm`isAwvW bwry soicAw ivcwirAw hY Aqy ijnHW nUM h`l krn leI AsIN Awp sB dy sihXog dI mMg Aqy aumId krdy hW aunHW dw sMKyp ibErw hyTW id`qw jw irhw hY:
  1. XUnIvristI dI ^udmu^qwrI (Autonomy) nUM bhwl krnw: bwzwr dI mMg dI QW smwijk izMmyvwrI vwlw iv`idAk-pRbMD auswrn leI, aucyrI Akwdimk pRwpqI vwly Xog AiDAwpkW nUM ies XUnIvristI vl AwkriSq krn leI Aqy kwrjSIl AiDAwpkW nUM vwijb shUlqW muh`eIAw krn leI ^udmu^qwrI dw bhwl hoxw zrUrI hY[ ies nwl hI XUnIvristI ivc AiDAwpkW dI inXukqI ivc aucyrI Akwdimk pRwpqI nUM ie`ko ie`k pYmwnw bxwieAw jw skdw hY[ srkwrI A&srSwhI Aqy rwjnIqIvwnW dI d^l-AMdwzI qoN mukq hoey ibnw XUnIvristI Aqy ies dy AiDAwpkW dy ih`qW dI pUrqI bwry soicAw nhIN jw skdw[
  2. XUnIvristI ivc auplbD shUlqW dI inAWSIl vMf: ivBwgW Aqy AiDAwpkW nUM loV muqwbk shUlqW, QW Awid auplbD hox Aqy ivBwgW ivc swry AiDAwpkW nUM aunHW dI sInIErtI muqwbk vwijb shUlqW id`qIAW jwx Aqy mOjUd shUlqW dI inAWSIl vMf kIqI jwvy[ ieh nw hovy ik kuJ AiDAwpk qW jgIrdwrW vWg XUnIvristI dy kmirAW, syvwvW Aqy shUlqW au~qy sQweI kbzw jmweI r`Kx Aqy bwkI AiDAwpk in`kIAW in`kIAW shUlqW, loVW qoN vWJy hox
  3. XUnIvristI dy pRSwsink pRbMD ivc hr vrg dy AiDAwpkW dI SmUlIAq nUM XkInI bxwauxw: kyvl kuJ iek AiDAwpkW nUM hI swrIAW izMmyvwrIAW dyx dI bjwey hr vrg dy AiDAwpkW nUM aunHW dy Ahudy muqwbk pirBwiSq pRSwsink pujISnW au~qy inXukq kIqw jwvy qW jo v`D qoN v`D AiDAwpk pRSwsink &YsilAW ivc BwgIdwrI kr skx[ ipCly lMmy smyN qoN XUnIvristI pRSwsn ivc AiDAwpkwvW nUM FukvIN ih`sydwrI nhIN id`qI jw rhI[ XUnIvristI dy hr Ahudy au~qy inXukqI smyN AiDAwpkwvW nUM brwbrI dy pYmwny Anuswr ivcwirAw jwvy[ AsIN pRSwsink AhuidAW ivc mrd-p`KI ivhwr dw ivroD krdy hW[
  4. AiDAwpkW dIAW ArzIAW Aqy p`qrW dw smWb`D inptwrw: pMjwbI XUnIvristI dy iviBMn ivBwgW, sYNtrW Aqy nybrh`uf kYNpsW, kWstIcuAYNt kwljW dy AiDAwpkW dIAW ArzIAW Aqy p`qrW dw smWb`D inptwrw krn dw pwrdrSI Aqy jvwbdyhI vwlw pRbMD hoNd ivc ilAwauxw zrUrI hY qW ik aunHW dw AiDAwpn Aqy Koj ivc sr& hox vwlw smW brbwd nw hovy[
  5. pRmoSnW leI ieMtrivaU krvwaux leI p`Kpwq rihq kYlMfr: kYrIAr AYfvWsmYNt skIm ADIn AiDAwpkW nUM qr`kI dyx leI ieMtrivaU krvwaux leI smWb`D Aqy inAWauic`q isstm bxwieAw jwvy[ AiDAwpkW dI pRmoSn dI imqI Aqy aunHW duAwrw ArzI dyx dI imqI dy AwDwr ‘qy ieMtrivaU krvweI jwieAw kry[ ieh nw hovy ik koeI AiDAwpk Awpxw rwjsI jW in`jI Asr-rsU^ vrq ky ieMtrivaU pihlW krvw jwvy Aqy bwkI AiDAwpk ies leI mhIinAW swlW b`DI aufIkdy rihx[
  6. XUnIvristI AiDAwpkW ivc Koj nUM auqSwihq krn leI Koj pRojYktW nUM iv`qI grWt pRdwn krnI: XUnIvristI mihj klws-rUm AiDAwpn dI sMsQw nhIN sgo igAwn auqpwdn dw au`cqm kyNdr huMdI hY[ ies leI lwzmI hY ik aucyrI Koj ivc idlcspI r`Kx vwly AidAwpkW dy Koj pRojYktW nUM iv`qI grWtW dyx leI rIsrc &Mf dI sQwpnw kIqI jwxI loVINdI hY[ ies dy nwl hI Koj-ividAwrQIAW leI vI v`fy p`Dr au~qy XUnIvristI &YloiSp sQwipq krny loVINdy hn Aqy aunHW nUM iv`qI shwieqw dyx leI vI v`Krw rIsrc &Mf loVINdw hY[
  7. XUnIvristI ivc AiDAwpkW dI BrqI dI pRikirAw nUM Xogqw AwDwirq Aqy pwrdrSI bxwauxw: XUnIvristI ivc iv`idAw dy aucyry imAwr nUM kwiem r`Kx Aqy au`c p`drI Koj dIAW sMBwvnwvW nUM swkwr krn leI AiDAwpkW dI BrqI pRikirAw ivc aumIdvwrW dI ivid`Ak Xogqw, qjurby Aqy Koj-rucI nUM AwDwr bxwauxw inhwieq zrUrI hY[ ieh qW hI sMBv hY jy ieh cox pRikirAw bwhrmuKI Aqy pwrdrSI hovy Aqy ies ivc rwjnIqIvwnW Aqy A&srSwhI dw d^l bMd kIqw jwvy[
  8. AiDAwpkW dy iv`qI msilAW nUM &OrI qOr ‘qy h`l krvwauxw: XUnIvristI dy bhuq swry AiDAwpkW dIAW pRmoSnW, pRmoSnW dy iv`qI lwB jwrI krnw, qr`kI leI ipClI syvw dw lwB pRdwn krnw, nvyN skylW ivc aunHW dI TIk plysmYNt krnw, slwnw Aqy aucyrI iv`idAw dIAW ieMkrImYNtW dyx vrgy ikMny hI msly lgwqwr ltkwau dI AvsQw ivc hn[ ies nwl AiDAwpkW dI iek v`fI igxqI nUM prySwnI Aqy inrwSw dw swhmxw krnw pY irhw hY[ ienHW lwBW dI pRwpqI leI aunHW v`loN id`qIAW ArzIAW au~qy koeI pRBwvSwlI kwrvweI nhIN huMdI[ d&qr Aqy A&sr ibnw iksy jvwbdyhI dy inAWSIlqw qoN s`Kxy &Ysly krdy hn[ ies siQqI nUM bdlx leI inrMqr XqnW Aqy AiDAwpk sMgTn dy dbwA dI zrUrq hY[
  9. vweIko, nybrhu`f kYNpsW Aqy kWstIcuAYNt kwljW nUM pRkwrjI ^udmu^qwrI (functional autonomy) Aqy buinAwdI shUlqW pRdwn krvwauxIAW: XUnIvristI duAwrw sQwipq Aqy kYNps qoN bwhr c`l rhy iviBMn kwljW dy AiDAwpkW nUM Anyk muSiklW dw swhmxw krnw pY irhw hY[ aunHW nUM rozwnw dy kMmW leI XUnIvristI kYNps ivc Awauxw pYNdw hY[ ies leI au~Qy AijhI pRSwsink ivvsQw bxweI jwxI loVINdI hY ijs kol zrUrI &Ysly lYx dw AiDkwr Aqy pRkwrjI ^udmu^qwrI hovy[ aunHW AiDAwpkW leI vwijb irhwieS dw pRbMD kIqw jwvy, Adwry dIAW loVW Anuswr lwiebryrI, kYNtIn Aqy hor shUlqW id`qIAW jwx[
  10. XUnIvristI duAwrw inXukq qmwm AiDAwpkW ivc brwbrI sQwipq krnw: ipCly kuJ smyN ivc XUnIvristI dw kw&I ivsqwr hoieAw hY[ XUnIvristI ny kuJ kwljW nUM Awpxy pRSwsn ADIn lY ky aunHW nUM kWstIcuAYNt kwljW, nybrhu`f kYNpsW Aqy ivBwgW dw ruqbw id`qw hY Aqy keI nvyN kWstIcuAYNt kwlj, nybrhu`f kYNps Aqy ivBwg SurU kIqy hn[ ienHW ivc kMm krdy AiDAwpkW nUM XUnIvristI AiDAwpkW vwly qmwm AiDkwr brwbrI dy AwDwr ‘qy id`qy jwxy bxdy hn[ AiDAwpkW dI sWJI j`QybMdI ivc aunHW dy Swiml hox nwl AiDAwpkW dI SkqI ivc vwDw hI huMdw hY[ ies dI ZYrhwzrI ivc auh lokqMqrI AiDkwr qoN vI vWJy rihMdy hn Aqy auh iksy vI AiDAwpkW dI j`QybMdI dy mYNbr nhIN ho skdy ikauNik auh pRweIvyt Aqy srkwrI kwljW dIAW j`QybMdIAW pI.sI.sI.tI.XU. Aqy jI.sI.tI.ey. dy mYNbr vI nhIN bx skdy[ ienHW kwljW nUM ivBwg dw drzw dyx nwl aunHW ivc kMm krdy AiDAwpkW nUM XUnIvristI AiDAwpkW nUM pRwpq AiDkwr vI pRwpq ho jwxgy Aqy auh pUtw dy mYNbr vI bx skdy hoxgy[ AsIN ies idSw vl XQwsMBv Xqn krWgy[
  11. ivBwgW dI kwrj-pRxwlI nUM kYlMfr dI inXmWvlI ADIn ivhwrk qOr ‘qy lokqMqrI Aqy pwrdrSI bxwauxw: Aijhw krnw ies leI zrUrI hY ik ivBwg dy pRSwsink &YsilAW ivc AiDAwpkW dI brwbr dI SmUlIAq ho sky Aqy iksy vI AiDAwpk dy Awqm-snmwn nUM Tys nw phuMcy[ swry ivBwgW ivc ey.sI.fI. dI BUimkw Aqy gOrv nUM bhwl kIqw jwxw bxdw hY[
  12. ivBwg dw muKI bxn leI AYsosIeyt po&Ysr nUM iqMn swl dw qjurbw hox dI Srq htweI jwvy: XUnIvristI AiDAwpkW leI ivBwg dw muKI bxn dIAW pihlW lwgU SrqW Anuswr rIfr iqMn swl dw qjurbw pUrw hox auprMq hI muKI bxn dy Xog huMdy sn[ CyvyN qn^wh kimSn dIAW is&wirSW Anuswr hux rIfr jW islYkSn skyl ivc iqMn swl pUry krn auprMq hI koeI AiDAwpk AYsosIeyt pRo&ysr bx skdw hY[ ies leI AYsosIeyt pRo&Ysr dy muKI bxn leI leI iqMn swl dy qjurby dI Srq lgwauxW inAWauic`q nhIN hY[ ieh vI ik ies Srq dw is`Dw mqlb ieh inkldw hY ik hux pRo&Ysr bxn leI loVINdw iqMn swl dw AYsosIeyt pRo&Ysr dw qjurbw r`Kx vwly hI muKI bx skdy hoxgy[ ieh Srq ivhwrk Aqy inAW dy qkwizAW muqwibk nhIN hY ies leI ieh Srq htweI jwxI bxdI hY[
  13. XUnIvristI dy vwqwvrx dI sMBwl Aqy Bvn inrmwxkwrI dIAW zrUrqW dw sMquln: ipCly ku`J smyN qoN XUnIvristI kYNps ivc dUridRStI vwlI XojnwbMdI dy ibnW hI Bvn inrmwxkwrI zorW ‘qy hY[ies nwl kYNps dI mwstr plwn Aqy grIn bYlt dI AxdyKI kIqI jw rhI hY Aqy vwqwvrx ivgwiVAw jw irhw hY[ ies nUM rokx leI XUnIvristI ivc Bvn-inrmwxkwrI Aqy ies nwl ivgV rhy vwqwvrx dI imAwdI pVqwl (environmental auditing) krnI zrUrI hY[
  14. XUnIvristI ivc vwhnW dI AwvwjweI nUM inXMqirq krn dw pRbMD bxwauxw: ipCly smyN ivc XUnIvristI ivc vwhnw dI AwvwjweI ies kdr vDI hY ik ie`k ividAk Adwry vwlI SWqI dI QW bzwr vrgI gihmw gihmI Aqy DunI prdUSx vDyry hY[ ies dw Asr ieh huMdw hY ik XUnIvristI ivc AiDAwpkW Aqy ividAwrQIAW dI SrIrk sur`iKAw Aqy mwnisk skUn nUM ^qrw bixAw rihMdw hY[ ivSyS qOr ‘qy AiDAwpkwvW Aqy ividAwrQI lVkIAW dy ih`q ivc bwhrly vwhnW dy XUnIvristI ivc dw^ly nUM inXMqirq krnw byh`d zrUrI hY[
  15. CyvyN qn^wh kimSn dIAw is&wirSW nUM pUrn rUp ivc lwgU krnw: ijvyN ik syvw mukqI dI aumr 65 swl krnI, syvw mukqI auprMq kwrjkwl ivc vwDy dI aumr 70 swl krnw, qn^wh dy bkwey Aqy B`iqAW dI AdwiegI krnw Awid[
AsIN auprokq mnorQW dI pUrqI dy kwj nUM smripq Aqy pRiqb`D smUh AiDAwpkW Aqy aunHW dy qmwm gru`pW nUM ApIl krdy hW ik auh Ajoky XUnIvristI isstm ivc ie`iCq qbdIlIAW ilAwaux leI iek pRgqISIl, Akwdimkqw nUM smripq Aqy AiDAwpk ih`qw nwl pRiqb`D j`QybMdk bdl iqAwr krn ivc Xogdwn pwaux[ AsIN mihsUs krdy hW ik hr AiDAwpk iek suKwvW mhOl, inAWSIl pRbMD, isrjxwqmk suqMqrqw Aqy mwxXog ruqbw cwhuMdw hY[ ies swrw kuJ pRwpq krn leI Xqn Aqy ikirAwSIlqw dI zrUrq hY[ Awp sB dy sihXog Aqy swQ nwl XUnIvristI ivc hWmuKI qbdIlIAW ilAWdIAW jw skdIAW hn[

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